“Destination countries are accused of not meeting their obligations. Destination countries are criticized for their lack of solidarity. And migrants are almost never welcome.” So writes the Belgian newspaper Evening summarizes the opinion that has prevailed for many years in the European Union (EU) on the issue of migration.

The situation is caused by the current system, known as “Dublin”, which obliges migrants to apply for asylum in the first EU country they set foot in. A mechanism that may yet change soon, because on the evening of Thursday June 8, the interior ministers of the 27 member states, meeting within the framework of the Council of the European Union, agreed on two texts that introduce new rules into the matter.

30,000 moves per year

The EU legislative process now provides for the text to be returned to the European Parliament and the two European institutions to eventually agree on a common text. But, despite the fact that this is still far away, the French-language newspaper calls “a satisfaction that was palpable” was present among the negotiators yesterday. Maria Malmer Stenergaard, Sweden’s Minister of Migration, even mentioned the move from“historic step”.

In concrete terms, as the daily edition installed in Brussels deciphers, the new system provides “30,000 relocations of asylum seekers per year (from states most concerned about arrival to states least concerned about arrival). A figure that multiple sources claim is subject to adjustment depending on circumstances and device.