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Protests in Iran: At least 54 dead Another 20-year-old killed on the street

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Authorities say there are 41 – including civilians and security forces – and activists say at least 54, but many more could be killed in the protests for Mahsa Amini, the girl who ended up in a coma while on police custody. about Tehran because it is “badly veiled”. The victims identified so far by the Oslo-based Iran Human Rights NGO are mainly located in the north, in provinces such as Mazandaran, Gilan, West Azerbaijan, Kurdistan where Amini was born. “The corpses will be returned to their families with a promise to bury them in secret.”

The victims

Hananeh Kian, twenty-three years old, one older than Mahsa Amini, was reportedly killed Wednesday night by security forces in Nowshahr, a population of 50,000 in Mazandaran province. “He was coming back from a dental appointment,” the family told the site Iranwire. That night there were clashes between protesters and officers, police cars set on fire. In Rezvan Shah, a population of 12,000 in Gilan province, according to Iran Human Rights officers shot and killed at least six people: one of them was named Yassin Jamalzadeh, he had two children. According to Amnesty International, four minors are among the dead.

Internet and politics

Kayhan

, the newspaper close to Supreme Leader Ali Khamenei, calls the young protesters “extremists”. President Ebrahim Raisi, who has just returned from New York, says the “enemies” are trying to “create chaos” with “organized” protests. Authorities confirm they have blocked the internet and call the US decision to relax sanctions on the web to help Iranians evade censorship “a hostile act”. Elon Musk responded to a tweet from Secretary of State Antony Blinken by writing, “Let’s activate Starlink.” Meanwhile, the regime uses Telegram to invite protesters to identify themselves.

Thirteen years later

The main reformist party, close to former President Mohammad Khatami, yesterday called on authorities to end the veil and police’s obligation of morality. One of the leaders of the 2009 Green Movement, Mehdi Karroubi, former speaker of the Iranian parliament, asked the same in July after the arrest of another girl, Sepideh Rashnu, “badly veiled” on the bus, beaten and forced to “confess.” are mistakes on TV. The abolition of the morality police was already discussed in 2009 and then it was not done, but today’s guys in the square don’t care. There are those who sing “Bella ciao” in Farsi, as was done then, but no one asks for more reforms. There is a new angry generation, burning hijab and police cars, and it also astonishes the activists of the previous generation. Videos of the protests that continue to surface (albeit in fewer and slower numbers) show officers firing at protesters, but youths returned to the streets the day after with bullets, tear gas and arrests, even in Babol and Amol, in the province of Mazandaran. killing dozens of protesters. Another element, Mahmood Amiry-Moghaddam of Iran Human Rights notes, appears to be the low morale of the security agents. In some videos you can see them as they decide to retire. In Tehran, on Friday night, the crowd cheered after rejecting them. Although yesterday was the first day of the academic year, several universities in Tehran have announced that the first week of classes will take place remotely.

“Preventive” Arrests

Authorities are trying to stifle the protest with “preemptive” arrests, a policy confirmed by the head of the judiciary Gholamhossein Mohseni Ejei himself: Narges Hosseini, one of the “girls of via Revolution” (who protested the veil in 2018 ) also ended up in prison, and Niloufar Hamedi, the newspaper reporter shargh who first wrote about Mahsa Amini. Hundreds of arrests have been made: 739 including 60 women in Gilan province alone; in total at least 600 Kurds, of which 100 have been identified by the NGO “Hengaw”.

It is possible that part of the city of Oshnavieh, 40,000 mostly Kurdish residents, on the border with Iraq, has ended up in the hands of protesters after the police retreat, but the Revolutionary Guards have been sent to regain control. As the protests spread to Erbil, in Iraqi Kurdistan, with the main slogan these days “Women, Live, Freedom”, the Pasdaran always warn that they hit the “Kurdish terrorists” at the border with artillery.

Source: Corriere

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